Interest Groups

WG on Aerobiology & Pollution

  • The ENVI Committee & Cleaner Air

  • Next European Symposium on Aerobiology in Lyon, 18-22 July 2016

  • EAACI Allergy School, 2 - 5 July 2014 Brindisi, Italy

  • EAACI BM 2015

  • Report of Business Meeting IG Aerobiology and Pollution

    Date: 8th June 2003
    Venue: XXII Paris Congress


    Chairman: Prof. Gennaro D’Amato (Naples, Italy)

    Secretary: Dr. Marta Orta (Pamplona, Spain)

     

    The business meeting was held during EAACI Paris Congress, the 8th June at 12.30 h. The number of participants was about 20 people who left e-mail addresses to be in contact for participating in future tasks. D’Amato and Orta welcomed everybody and reported the activity held from Naples Congress 2002. The assistants shortly described their professional activity within the field of Allergy and Clinical Immunology and which is their special interest in Aerobiology and Pollution.

     

    The group proceeded afterwards to the election of new Chairman and Secretary following EAACI instructions. Both Gennaro D’Amato as Chairman and Marta Orta as Secretary were unanimously re-elected up to 2005.

     

    The scientific program developed was the following:

    * Presentation of the WHO Document on ''Allergies and phenology'', by Sergio Bonini, who described the document and suggested to visit the website www.euro.who.int/globalchange to obtain more information.

    * Sigfried Jaeger talked about European Aerobiology Networks, giving everybody a whole view about the networks that can be consulted to be well informed about the interaction between aerobiology and pollution.

    * Dimitros Gioulekas and his group from Greece gave an overview of their works about the usefulness of developing an aerobiological network for people assisting and participating in Athens 2004 Olimpic Games, information that can be consulted and completed on the website www.aeroallergen.gr

    * Lorenzo Cecchi from Florence (Italy) talked on behalf of his group about their works in relationship between meteorological factors and hospital admissions for asthma, joining the brief summary which follows:

    The relationship between asthma and weather has been poorly studied and published data are controversial. Until now, daily average values of temperature, relative humidity and other meteorological parameters have been used to investigate their impact on asthma attacks, but separately. An important limit lies in the lack of studies evaluating the influence on hospital admissions determined by combined effects of the meteorological factors.
    Furthermore, meteorological data have been so far handled by doctors instead of meteorologists representing this another possible limit. Given that, a group composed by biometeorologists and doctors in Florence has been formed; the biometeorologists work for the Institute of Biometeorology (National Research Council) and the doctors are part of the Interdepartmental Centre of Bioclimatology (University of Florence). We proposed a new approach in the studies on the influence of weather discomfort conditions on hospital admissions due to asthma attacks, using biometeorological indices. These indices are represented by tables or simple empiric equations that provide results expressed as "apparent temperature", that is a measure of well being or discomfort due to the combination of some
    meteorological parameters (i.e. air temperature, relative humidity, wind speed). The most and widest used are Steadman's Apparent Temperature Index
    and Wind chill Index.
    A new research to evaluate the influences of the passage of air masses with different origins on hospital admissions has been also started. The group is interested in creating an european network among people investigating the combined effects of meteorological and aerobiological factors and pollutants. These studies could represent the background for developing environmental watch/warning systems for asthmatic patients.

     

    * The secretary hasn’t received similar summaries from the other participants.

     

    The main new projects for next year are:

    - Ask the Executive Committee for a Task Force to prepare a position paper on ''Pollen grains and air pollution in Europe as causes of respiratory allergy''

    - To create an award for a junior researcher or new group of work on the topic of Aerobiology and air pollution.

     

    The activities carried out on behalf of the group in Paris Congress were a Meet the Professor Seminar chaired by Gennaro D’Amato and two Poster Discussion Sessions: ''Outdoor and Indoor pollution'' and ''Aerobiology and allergens'' moderated each by Gennaro D’Amato and Marta Orta.
    All these sessions were followed by very participative people interested on topics treated. The posters presented were of a high quality and very well defended by their authors. In the business meeting people were enhanced to attend all the sessions related.

     

    We join the committee report template with budget for 2004.

     

    The Business Meeting was closed by the Chairman at 13.30h

     

    Paris, 8th June, 2003,

    Gennaro D’Amato Marta Orta

    Chairman Secretary

    Last updated: 04 June 2008
  • Allergies in a Changing Environment in Europe

    Allergies in a Changing Environment in Europe
    21 March 2012, Brussels, EU-Parliament


    The EAACI Interest Group „Aerobiology and Air Pollution” organised a 2 hours workshop in the EU-Parliament in Brussels. The aim was to make politicians aware of the ongoing epidemic in allergic disease (Prof. Dr. Isabella Annesi-Maesano, France, and Peter Burney, UK), that current therapies are still insufficient (Prof. Dr. Antonella Muraro, Italy), that changed land use in the EU can lead to more allergic sensitizations (Prof. Dr. Carmen Galan, Spain), and that allergies are an environmental, multifactorial disease that need a concerted research approach (Prof. Dr. Jeroen Buters, Germany). We tried to identify where the EU currently spends it research money on allergic diseases (Prof. Buters), and where more attention is needed (exposome). A 30 minutes panel discussion led by Dr. Lorenzo Cecchi (Italy) and supplemented with Prof. Mikhail Sofiev (Finland) gave stakeholders time to vent their interests.

    The key messages were:
    1. Currently an epidemic in allergic disease going on and an end is not in sight
    2. More research funding into the causes of this increase is needed

    A Member of Parliament, Esther de Lange, sponsored and spoke at our meeting. About 46 participants were present, including WHO, FP7 and patient organisation stakeholders. Surprisingly was the vivid interest of patient organisations (Allergy UK, European Federation of Allergy, EFA, European Public Health Alliance, EPHA, and more). They would like to be heard by politicians and concluded that allergic patients are not satisfied with the current situation and ask for improvements (more funding for pollen monitoring and into the causes of the epidemic).

    Although we had hoped for more Members of Parliament and the Commissions, the workshop was a success. In the Parliament many parallel sessions are held, like on “The Effect of Climate Change on Illegal Immigration”, “Healthy Buildings”, “COPD” (all at the same time), and on this political market “Allergies” is just another stand. We need to do more to be heard. This EAACI workshop was the beginning of a series of workshops planned by the Academy.

    I thank all the participants for devoting time to this political activity.

    Prof. Dr. Jeroen Buters
    Interest Group Aerobiology and Air Pollution Secretary

    More information about the programme can be found on www.eaaci.net and/or www.hialine.eu. Under the EAACI Website you can also read the press release about this workshop.
    Last updated: 24 June 2016
  • Report of Business Meeting IG Aerobiology and Pollution

    BUSINESS MEETING EAACI INTEREST GROUP “AEROBIOLOGY AND POLLUTION”.

    Goteborg, 11 June 2007

    Chairman: Carlos Nunes (Portugal)

    Secretary: Lorenzo Cecchi (Italy)

    1. The business meeting was held during Goteborg EAACI Congress, the 11th June at 17.30 h. The number of participants was about 20 people. All participants were welcomed by the Chairman and Secretary, and they agreed to be in contact for participating in future tasks as interested in Aerobiology and Pollution topics.

    The activity held from Vienna Congress 2006 was reported in terms of the participation of the IG on 8th Congress on Aerobiology in Neuchatel, Switzerland in August 2006, hosted by the International Association on Aerobiology where our IG was strongly implicated and a Joint Symposium was done. We have submitted a manuscript entitled “Allergenic Pollen and Pollen Allergy in Europe” to Allergy Journal and it is going to be published in the next months.

    2. The program developed during one year that we are in charge :

    1 Proposal to ExComm to build a European Pollen Map. After negotiation with Nikko as webmaster and Roy (new EAACI President), we are waiting for new development of this project.

    2 We have given some contributions for the EAACI website, where there is information about Aerobiology and Pollination and links with Aerobiology websites were created to contact with national Allergy Societies.

    The group also participates actively on the EAACI Newsletter. i. The activities during the EAACI 2007 Congress were announced. In Goteborg the IG have organized a postgraduate course with hands-on, and had successful to have financial support, although EAACI ExCom has deliberated that this PGCourse should be paid contrary to our expectative. ii. One Workshop “Global warning in allergy. Travelling Pollens” iii. One Oral abstract Session – with 6 presentations iv. Presentation of 51 posters, related to aerobiology and pollution.

    3. The projects for the next two years will be: a. To collect information about studies done inside EAACI context about Aerobiology and Pollution. b. Build a network relating to type and quantity of pollens in every country whose national society is integrated in EAACI can be created to build an European Pollen Map, which can be integrated worldwide with AAAAI and WAO. c. Promote studies on indoor allergens and draw a plan to promote a forum. d. Elaborate a proposal to organize a summer course to 2008 or 2009 , perhaps in Italy. e. To promote having at least one EAACI member per national society member inside the Interest Group, to share information regarding pollution and pollinosis among different countries.

    4.- Chairman has remembered that this IG changed at middle of the mandate due to quit of former chairman Marta Orta on the Vienna Congress. The changes were approved by ExComm. However and considering the by laws of EAACI that the chairman and secretary of Section should stop their mandate at the terminus of Board of Officers of EAACI, Carlos Nunes told to every participants that asked to ExComm, since April 2007, through General Secretary regarding the need to elections inside the IG. He has informed that no answer was received. So, Carlos as Chairman and Lorenzo as Secretary, have been put their positions as free, if the assembly consider it. After some interventions (Gennaro D´Amato, Heidrun Behrendt, Bernard Clot, etc.), a consensus was developed and unanimously their have received agreement to continuous their positions and tasks until Barcelona 2008. Their job and task has received very positive considerations.

    5 - Chairman told that the BM was open to receive and consider new projects and Diana Krmpotiæ (Croatia) and Michel Thibaudon (France) presented their projects to all participants, which received positive comments.

    The board will be chaired by:

    1. Carlos Nunes (Portugal)- Chairperson- cn@imunoalergologia .com

    2. Lorenzo Cecchi (Italyl)- Secretary- This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

    6. The Business Meeting was closed by the Chairman at 18.30 h

    Goteborg, 11th June, 2007,

    Carlos Nunes Chairman Lorenzo Cechi Secretary

    Last updated: 04 June 2008
  • Report Business meeting of IG on Aerobiology and Pollution

    BUSINESS MEETING EAACI INTEREST GROUP “AEROBIOLOGY AND POLLUTION”. Vienna, 12th June 2006 Chairman: Marta Orta (Pamplona, Spain) Secretary: Carlos Nunes (Portimao, Portugal) 1 - The business meeting was held during Vienna EAACI Congress, the 12th June at 08.30 h. The number of participants was low due to at some schedule the Main Symposia of Aerobiology and Pollution taken place in another room, in consequence only a few members could be present. 2 - Welcomed by the Chairman, who due to personal problems declined the position as chairman. Previously was made information to ExComm related to this issue. The proposal for the board member of Carlos Nunes as a new Chairman and Lorenzo Cecchi, from Italy, as a new Secretary was accepted. The members present on the MB have agree with the proposal. 3 - Developing of a new Task Force in “Aerobiology and Environment” was designed, however it seems that for this year could not be successful, however the aim is to have another task force or position paper related to pollution or/and aerobiology and their relationship on allergic diseases 4 - The secretary presented a program of a European Map Pollen. This project was presented to ExComm and in the meeting between Interest Group chairs and Board of Officers. Some efforts to develop new software in collaboration with webmaster of EAACI website Nikos is on way. Now the project is in the first phase. 5 – The secretary informed that the IG also participates actively on Newsletter issues giving knowledge of the group life. 6 - Appropriate contact with national and international networks collecting data about biometeorological agents and pollination, interested on forecasting this information through these organs was done. Unfortunately only a few answers was received. The Business Meeting was closed by the new Chairman at 09.00 h Vienna, 12th June, 2006 Marta Orta Carlos Nunes Last Chairman Last Secretary
    Last updated: 04 June 2008
  • Report of Business Meeting IG Aerobiology and Pollution

    The business meeting was held during Munich WAO-EAACI Congress, the 27th June at 15.30 h.

    The number of participants was about 20 people, welcomed by the Chairman and Secretary, and who agreed to be in contact for participating in future tasks as interested in Aerobiology and Pollution topics.

    The activity held from Amsterdam Congress 2004 was reported in terms of the participation of the IG of the Summer School Held in Madeira (Portugal) in August 2004, hosted by the Portuguese Society of Allergy and Clinical Immunology where the IG was strongly implicated. We have fighted this year for the developing of a new Task Force in “Aerobiology and Environment”, which has not been successful by the moment.

    - The program developed during Munich BM was the following:
    - Gennaro D’Amato as Chairman and Marta Orta as Secretary informed about the last Business Meetings since the Interest Group was born. The projects actively developing in the Interest Group, such as the contributions for the EAACI website, are giving actual information about Aerobiology and Pollination and links with Aerobiology websites have been created to contact with national Allergy Societies. The group also participates actively on Newsletter issues giving knowledge of the group life. Appropriate contact with national and international networks collecting data about biometeorological agents and pollination, interested on forecasting this information through this organs, is punctually recollected. The Secretary announced all the events to be held during the congress hosted by the Interest Group. .

    - The projects for the next two years will be:
    1.To collect information about studies done inside EAACI context about Aerobiology and Pollution. A network relating to type and quantity of pollens in every country whose national society is integrated in EAACI can be created.
    2. To connect with indoor allergen studies.
    3.To have this information ready for colleagues and patients over the EAACI website
    4.To organize some workshop or meeting inside EAACI congresses to have knowledge of the work developed inside the IG.
    5. To promote studies of levels of pollution and their eventual implication on the prevalence of respiratory diseases such as rhinitis and asthma.
    6. To ask and develop a new Task Force on “Aerobiology and Pollution”, defining a Position Paper related to trees and other plants whose pollination can develop allergic disease in humans
    7. To promote having at least one EAACI member per national society member inside the Interest Group, to share information regarding pollution and pollinosis among different countries.
    8. To keep on asking to the Executive Committee for a Task Force to prepare an actualized Position Paper on “Pollen grains and air pollution in Europe as causes of respiratory allergy” and to collaborate with the Junior Members and young researchers regarding the possibility of creating an award for a work on the topic of Aerobiology and Air Pollution. .

    - We had elections inside the IG to have a new Chairman and Secretary. First of all Prof. Gennaro D’Amato closed his activity on the board of the Group and showed his disposal to keep on working for the interest of the Group. Everybody thanked strongly his collaboration and teachings from his huge experience and well known publications.

    The new board will be chaired by:
    Marta Orta (Pamplona, Spain)- Chairperson- This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
    Carlos Nunes (Portimao, Portugal)- Secretary- This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

    The Business Meeting was closed by the new Chairman at 16.45
    Last updated: 04 June 2008
  • Report BM IG Aerobiology and Pollution 2004

    AMSTERDAM, 13th June 2004

    Chairman: Prof. Gennaro D’Amato (Naples, Italy)

    Secretary: Dr. Marta Orta (Pamplona, Spain)

     

    - The business meeting was held during EAACI Amsterdam Congress, the 13th June at 15.45 h. The number of participants was about 25 people, welcomed by the chairman and secretary, and who agreed to be in contact for participating in future tasks as interested in Aerobiology and Pollution topics. The activity held from Paris Congress 2003 was reported.

    - The program developed was the following:

    - Dr. Marta Orta informed about the last two Business Meetings since the Interest Group was born, held in Naples 2002 and Paris 2003. She also informed about the projects actively developing in the Interest Group, such as the contributions for the EAACI website, giving actual information and links with Aerobiology websites working inside national Allergy societies. The group also actively participates on Newsletter issues giving knowledge of the group life. Appropriate contact with national and international networks collecting data about biometeorological agents and pollination, interested on forecasting this information through this organs, is punctually recollected. The Secretary announced all the events to be held during the congress hosted by the Interest Group: there were 13 Posters on the topic Pollution and Environment and 61 on the topic Aerobiology and Allergens, a Main Symposium on Aerobiology and Pollution, and Allergy Forum of 6 oral communications; all the assistants where strongly encouraged to attend. She also informed the IX Palynological Congress will be held in Granada (Spain) in July 2004.

    - Dr. Ana Todo Bom, the President of the Portuguese Society of Allergy and Clinical Immunology informed the assistants about the EAACI Summer School to be held in Madeira (Portugal) in August 2004. There, the Interest Group will have an active participation, with the Chairman and the Secretary among the teachers and available to participate in every scientific event during the course they are required to.

    - Gennaro D’Amato presented the observations from the Conference of European Environment Agency, recently celebrated in Dublin where he was invited to participate.

    - Giuseppe Frenguelli reported the activity of the International Association of Aerobiology with great interest from the forum.

    - Marta Orta informed about the Ist and IInd South Allergy Forums celebrated in Sitges (Spain) in 2003 and Sintra (Portugal) in 2004. Southern european societies feel they have common interests and problems and have tried to make a group, inside EAACI, where this worryings can be well understood and solutions can be found from similar situation. The forum is opened to the participation of other southern countries (e.g. Greece) and to the dialogue with the other societies from other european countries where Allergy is a well recognized speciality

    - To finish the meeting we proceeded to talk about the projects for the next two years. The main projects for next year are:

    - To keep on asking to the Executive Committee for a Task Force to prepare an actualized Position Paper on ''Pollen grains and air pollution in Europe as causes of respiratory allergy'' and to collaborate with the Junior Members Committee if the ExCom approves the creation of an award for a junior researcher or new group of work on the topic of Aerobiology and Air Pollution.

     

    The Business Meeting was closed by the Chairman at 16.45 h

     

     

    Amsterdam, 13th June, 2004

    Gennaro D’Amato Marta Orta

    Chairman Secretary

    Last updated: 04 June 2008
  • Report of Business Meeting in 2002

    NAPLES,
    2nd JUNE 2002


    Chairman: Prof. Gennaro D'Amato (Naples, Italy)
    Secretary: Dr. Marta Orta (Pamplona, Spain)

    Our business meeting started in EAACI Naples Congress, the 2nd June at 13.30 h. The number of participants was 25 people, 20 of them left their e-mail in order to get in contact for future tasks. D'Amato and Orta asked everybody to shortly describe their professional activity within the field of Allergy and Clinical Immunology and send them a group of 15 keywords to define themselves professionally. These keywords will be collected in the future weeks by e-mail.

    Our program was the following:

    - Update of the work carried out by previous EAACI subcommittee on Aerobiology and Environment with the production of a book on ''Allergenic pollen and pollinosis in Europe'' and two position papers published in Allergy, one on ''Pollen-related allergy in Europe'' and another on ''Mould Allergy in Europe''.This update is useful to contact previous participants and asking them if they are available to work also in the context of the new IG.

    - Creation of the new Interest Group Aerobiology and Pollution, starting activity from Naples Congress although the chairman and the secretary have been working since January 2002. The principal plans for our future work will be the creation of a website informing about pollen distribution and air pollution in Europe and information for patients. People were very interested and promised to answer our callings for help and contributions so the establishement of a network will be our task for next year.

    - Proposal to the Executive Committee to create a Task-Force able to prepare a position paper on ''Air pollution and Respiratory Allergy in Europe''.

    The activities carried out on the name of the group in the Congress were a Minisymposium titled ''Air Pollution and the Risk of Allergy'' which was held on Wednesday 5th June with Gennaro D'Amato and Tony Frew as chairmen, and abstracts presented in a Poster Discussion Session (number= 19), held on Tuesday 4th June and Poster Exhibition (number=45 for Aerobiology and Allergens and number= 4 for Pollution and Environment). All these sessions were followed by people very participative and interested on topics treated. The posters presented were all of a high quality and were very well defended by their authors. In the business meeting people were enhanced to attend all the sessions related.

    From all that we can conclude our IGroup interests and attracts people working on topics Aerobiology and Pollution and it will be interesting to stimulate and develop activities deriving from its interest areas

     

    Gennaro D'Amato
    Chairman
    Marta Orta
    Secretary

    Last updated: 04 June 2008
  • Minutes TF Allergen Monitoring

  • EAACI Public Workshop


    Allergies are the most prevalent chronic diseases in Europe with a >20% frequency. Allergic diseases to airborne allergens have been steadily increasing over the past few decades and an end of this increase is not in sight. Especially the younger generations show a higher incidence of allergic diseases. Thus, by the year 2040, more than 40% of the population will present an allergic predisposition in Europe.

    The reasons for this steady increase are unclear. The Interest Group Aerobiology and Air Pollution of the EAACI (European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology) is organizing a workshop to inform stakeholders about the ongoing and future developments in allergy research in Europe to
    increase the public awareness for this ongoing epidemic.

    Find out all about the EAACI Public Workshop by downloading the file below.
    EAACI Public Workshop
    Last updated: 07 November 2014
  • EAACI workshop_13 October 2011 in Berlin


    IG Aerobiology and air pollution
    EAACI-COST workshop
    Epidemiological evidence on the links between aerotoxicants and allergic diseases

    Berlin, October 13, 2011
    Charité Hospital

    Submitted by Dr Lorenzo Cecchi, Dr Isabella Annesi-Maesano and Prof Karl-Christian Bergmann


    Rationale:

    Exposures to bioaerosols and chemical pollutants are associated with a wide range of allergic and health effects with major public health impact, including acute toxic effects, allergies, infectious diseases, and cancer. Respiratory symptoms and diseases and lung function impairment are the most widely studied and probably among the most important aerotoxicant-associated health effects. In addition to these adverse health effects, some protective effects of microbial exposure on atopy and atopic conditions have also been suggested. A dose–response relationship has not been established for most agents and knowledge about threshold values is sparse.

    The purpose of the workshop is to collect major experts in the field of allergic diseases to present the state of art on the links between aerotoxicants and allergic diseases and identify unmet needs. Specific recommendations will be implemented.

    The workshop will be held at the occasion of the COST Action meeting in Berlin, October 14-15, 2011.

    Chairpersons:

    Heidrun Behrendit (Germany)
    Lorenzo Cecchi (Italy)

    11:00 to 13:00: From environmental exposure to bedside
    The effects of environment on allergic respiratory diseases: state of the art
    Gennaro D’Amato (Italy) 25 min
    Pathophysiology of the allergic response  
    Carsten Schmidt-Weber (Germany) 25 min
    Data driven methods for investigating and forecasting symptoms and medication use in allergy patients  
    Kostas Karatzas (Greece) 25 min
    Clinical threshold of pollen  
    Karl Christian Bergman (Germany) 25 min
    Discussion  
    Lunch  

    Chairmen:

    Heidrun Behrendt (Germany)
    Lorenzo Cecchi (Italy)
     
    14:00 – 18:00: The impact of the environment on allergic diseases
    Chemical pollutants and allergies – Including interactions between bioaerosols and chemical pollutants.
    I Annesi-Maesano (France) 25 min
    The skin as an outdoor target organ
    Johannes Ringe (Germany) 25 min
    The use of weather data and climate
    Mikhail Sofiev (Finland) 25 min
    Moving from pollen to allergen count
    Mikhail Sofiev (Finland) 25 min
    Moving from pollen to allergen count
    Jeroen Buters (Germany) 25 min
    Standardization and homogenization of aerobiological data from the patient’s point of view
    Uwe Berger/Siegfried Jager (Austria) 25 min
    Discussion
    Multidisciplinary Round table, jointly with the COST EUPOL MC: Future directions
    Lorenzo Cecchi, Heidrun Behrendt
    Last updated: 07 November 2014
  • Task force

    Effects of Climate change on respiratory allergic diseases and on asthma prevalence

    Task force on “Effects of Climate change on respiratory allergic diseases and on asthma prevalence”

    BACKGROUND

    It is now widely accepted that earth’s temperature is increasing and changes are also occurring in the amount, intensity, frequency and type of precipitation and in occurrence of extreme events.

    As stated in the 2007 Working Group I Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change “most of the observed increase in globally averaged temperatures since the mid-20th century is very likely due to the observed increase in anthropogenic greenhouse gas concentrations”.

    The effects of climate change on respiratory allergy are still unclear and current knowledge is provided by epidemiological and experimental studies on the relationship between asthma and environmental factors, like meteorological variables, airborne allergens and air pollution. The socio-economic burden of allergic diseases and their increasing prevalence, especially in developing countries, make a systematic analysis of possible effects of current climate change scenarios on asthma and atopy an hot topic for both EAACI and ERS.

    Current knowledge about environmental factors affecting allergic airways diseases is still fragmentary and relationships between factors partly unclear. The need of a multidisciplinary approach might be one of the reasons why a comprehensive analysis of this issue is still lacking.

    In our opinion, the document produced by the Task Force, might represent the first (mandatory) step to identify the interventions able to mitigate possible effects of climate change on asthmatic and atopic patients. The Position Paper might provide the scientific background for political interventions on both national and European levels.

    AIM

    The aim of the Task Force is to provide, through a multidisciplinary approach, a document containing: - a state of the art of environmental factors (and their inter-relationships) affecting asthma and atopic diseases - a comprehensive evaluation of the influence of weather variables on environmental factors and possible effects of current climate change scenarios - the possible effects of climate change on the prevalence of asthma and atopic diseases, on the basis of current hypotheses (“Hygiene Hypothesis”) and studies (effects of air pollution on lung development, etc) - the interventions able to mitigate negative effects.

    Air pollution and Climate change
    A French documentation:
    http://www.ladocumentationfrancaise.fr/dossiers/changement-climatique/index.shtml

    Bulletin of the World Health Organization (BLT):
    Global climate change: implications for international public health policy
    http://www.who.int/bulletin/volumes/85/3/06-039503/en/index.html

    Climate change and health
    Fact sheet N°266
    January 2010
    http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs266/en/index.html

    Main Lancet publication on climate change:
    1- Health and climate change. Jay M, Marmot MG.
    Lancet. 2009 Sep 19;374(9694):961-2. Epub 2009 Sep 15.

    2- Climate change and human health: impacts, vulnerability, and mitigation. Haines A, Kovats RS, Campbell-Lendrum D, Corvalan C.
    Lancet. 2006 Jun 24;367(9528):2101-9.

    3- Climate change and human health: present and future risks. McMichael AJ, Woodruff RE, Hales S.
    Lancet. 2006 Mar 11;367(9513):859-69.

    Intergovernmental panel on climate change (IPCC):
    The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is the leading international body for the assessment of climate change. It was established by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) to provide the world with a clear scientific view on the current state of knowledge in climate change and its potential environmental and socio-economic impacts.

    The IPCC is a scientific body. It reviews and assesses the most recent scientific, technical and socio-economic information produced worldwide relevant to the understanding of climate change. It does not conduct any research nor does it monitor climate related data or parameters.

    Thousands of scientists from all over the world contribute to the work of the IPCC on a voluntary basis. Review is an essential part of the IPCC process, to ensure an objective and complete assessment of current information. IPCC aims to reflect a range of views and expertise. The Secretariat coordinates all the IPCC work and liaises with Governments.

    The IPCC is an intergovernmental body. It is open to all member Countries of the United Nations (UN) and WMO. Governments can participate in the review process and plenary Sessions, where main decisions about the IPCC work programme are taken and reports are accepted, adopted and approved. The IPCC Bureau Members including the Chair are also elected during the plenary Sessions.

    Because of its scientific and intergovernmental nature, the IPCC embodies a unique opportunity to provide rigorous and balanced scientific information to decision makers. By endorsing the IPCC reports, governments acknowledge the authority of their scientific content. The work of the organization is therefore policy-relevant and yet policy-neutral, never policy-prescriptive.

    EXPERTS LIST

    Chairpersons: Gennaro D’Amato (Italy)
    Isabella Annesi Maesano (France)

    Secretary: Lorenzo Cecchi (Italy)

    ERS GROUP
    Isabella Annesi Maesano (Paris, France), ERS group coordinator
    Francesco Forastiere (Rome, Italy)
    Jon Ayres (Aberdeen, Scotland)
    Bert Forsberg (Umea, Sweden)
    Jordi Sunyer (Barcelona, Spain)

    EAACI GROUP
    Gennaro D’Amato (Naples, Italy), EAACI group coordinator
    Carlos Nunes (Portimao, Portugal)
    Lorenzo Cecchi (Florence, Italy)
    Heidrun Behrendt (Munich, Germany)
    Akdis Cezmi (Davos, Switzerland)
    Last updated: 07 November 2014
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